Click below for more!
Immigrant faces, poems & epitaphs are laser-etched on black granite at Washington Cemetery in Midwood, Brooklyn.
Click below for more!
The Jews ( ISO 259-3 Israeli pronunciation ); (, Standard: ; Tiberian: ; ISO 259-3: , translated as: "Children of Israel" or "Sons of Israel"), also known as the Jewish people, are a nation and ethnoreligious group The Jewish ethnicity, nationality and religion are strongly interrelated, as Judaism is the traditional faith of the Jewish nation. Converts to Judaism have a status within the Jewish ethnos equal to those born into it. Conversion is not encouraged by mainstream Judaism, and is considered a tough task, mainly applicable for cases of mixed marriages.
The modern State of Israel was established as a Jewish nation-state and defines itself as such in its Basic Laws. Its Law of Return grants the right of citizenship to any Jew who requests it. Israel is the only country where Jews are a majority of the population. Jews had also enjoyed political independence twice before in ancient history. The first of these periods lasted from 1350 to 586 BCE, and encompassed the periods of the Judges, the United Monarchy, and the Divided Monarchy of the Kingdoms of Israel and Judah, ending with the destruction of the First Temple. The second was the period of the Hasmonean Kingdom spanning from 140 to 37 BCE and to some degree under Herodians from 37 BCE to 6 CE. Since the destruction of the Second Temple in 70 CE, most Jews have lived in diaspora. A minority in every country in which they live (except Israel), they have frequently experienced persecution throughout history, resulting in a population that has fluctuated both in numbers and distribution over the centuries.
The world Jewish population reached a peak of 16.7 million prior to World War II, or less than 0.2% of the total world population (roughly one in every 514 people). According to this report, about 43% of all Jews reside in Israel (6 million), and 39% in the United States (5.3-6.8 million), with most of the remainder living in Europe (1.5 million) and Canada (0.4 million). The exact world Jewish population, however, is difficult to measure. In addition to issues with census methodology, there are halakhic disputes regarding who is a Jew and secular, political, and ancestral identification factors that may affect the figure considerably. [...]
Ilana Abramovitch & Sean Galvin, eds., Jews of Brooklyn, Brandeis University, 2002.
Aviva Ben-Ur, Sephardic Jews in America, New York University Press, 2009.
Sue Fishkoff, The Rebbe's Army. Inside the world of Chabad-Lubavitch, 2003.
Carol Harris-Shapiro, Messianic Judaism, Beacon Press, 1999.
Samuel C. Heilman, Sliding to the Right. The contest for the fture of American Jewish Orthodoxy, University of California Press, 2006.
Irving Howe, World of our Fathers, Harcourt Brace Javanovich, 1975.
Deborah Dash Moore, ed., City of Promises: A History of the Jews of New York, vols. 1-3, New York University Press, 2013.
Cynthia Ozick, The Puttermesser Papers, 1997.
Chaim Potok, The Chosen, Simon and Schutser, 1967.
Jonathan Rieder, Canarsie. The Jews and Italians of Brooklyn against Liberalism, 1985.
Moses Rischin, The Promised City: New York's Jews, 1870-1914, Harvard University Press, 1962.
Don't worry. We will get to them down the road.
If you have any suggestions of religious sites to visit or people to talk to, we would love your advice. Just leave a comment or email us at email@example.com.
Look forward to seeing you down the road!
© 2008 - 2013, A Journey through NYC religions, All Rights Reserved. Subscribe to Free updates!